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Friday, July 31, 2020 | History

2 edition of Effects of sulfur dioxide on terrestrial vegetation. found in the catalog.

Effects of sulfur dioxide on terrestrial vegetation.

Wilhelm Knabe

Effects of sulfur dioxide on terrestrial vegetation.

by Wilhelm Knabe

  • 39 Want to read
  • 25 Currently reading

Published by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Photocopy of: Ambio, vol. 5, no. 5-6, (1976), pp.213-218.

Other titlesAmbio.
ContributionsKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16546068M

  Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are not primary greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming, one of the main effects of climate change; in fact, sulfur dioxide has a cooling effect . Sulfur dioxide (SO 2) is one of a group of highly reactive gases known as “oxides of sulfur” or “sulfur oxides.” When deposited, oxides of nitrogen and oxides of sulfur can cause terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems to become acidified, which can lead to changes in biodiversity or loss of .

  Humans are dramatically altering the global nitrogen and sulfur budgets, with one result being the release of large fluxes of nitrogen oxides (NO x, ≈2 Tmol/yr), ammonia (NH 3, ≈4 Tmol/yr), and sulfur dioxide (SO 2, ≈2 Tmol/yr) to the atmosphere ().Globally, fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning fluxes of NO x exceed the natural fluxes from land to the atmosphere (); NH 3 fluxes to. Sulphur dioxide, or SO2, belongs to a family of sulphur oxide gases (SOx). It is formed from the sulphur contained in raw materials such as coal, oil and metal-containing ores during combustion and refining processes. SO2 dissolves in water vapour in the air to form acids, and interacts with other gases and particles in the air to form particles known as sulphates and other products that can.

Adverse effects on vegetation occur when the rate of foliar uptake of NH3 is greater than the rate and capacity for in vivo detoxification by the plants. Most to least sensitive plant species to NH3 are native vegetation > forests > agricultural crops. There are also a number of studies on N deposition and lichens, mosses and green algae. Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances are introduced into Earth's s of air pollution include gases (such as ammonia, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane and chlorofluorocarbons), particulates (both organic and inorganic), and biological may cause diseases, allergies and even death to humans; it may also cause.


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Effects of sulfur dioxide on terrestrial vegetation by Wilhelm Knabe Download PDF EPUB FB2

WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1 Chapter 10 Effects of sulfur dioxide on vegetation: critical levels Sulfur dioxide (SO2) was formerly viewed as the most important phytotoxic pollutant in Europe, and until the early s was the subject of the greatest research in this field.

A section of the book focuses on the physiological effects of sulfur dioxide in plants, animals, and humans. The book highlights the properties of sulfur dioxide in gaseous state and in aqueous solutions, with expanded section covering its ionic structure and spectral characteristics.

Methods for determining trace amounts of sulfur dioxide in. Sulfur-dioxide fluxes into different cellular compartments of leaves photosynthesizing in a polluted atmosphere.

Planta(2), DOI: /BF Herman Sievering. Dynamics of sulfur exchange at the air/forest canopy interface: A review of Cited by: The Sulfur Budget of Sweden -- II: The Effect of Acidic Atmospheric Inputs on Vegetation -- A: Direct Effects -- 9.

Some Special Features of the Ecophysiological Effects of Air Pollution on Coniferous Forests During the Winter -- Regional and Local Effects of Air Pollution, Mainly Sulfur Dioxide, on Lichens and Bryophytes in Denmark --   Air Pollutants and Their Effects on the Terrestrial Ecosystem (Advances in Environmental Science and Technology) [Legge, Allan H., Krupa, Sagar V.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Air Pollutants and Their Effects on the Terrestrial Ecosystem (Advances in Environmental Science and Technology). Sulfur dioxide pollution is known to have a substantial effect on agricultural production and is still of great significance in many developing countries.

Conversely, due to strict regulatory control on SO 2 emissions, the level of atmospheric SO 2 in developed countries has radically declined causing S‐deficiency symptoms in crop plants. Publisher Summary. This chapter presents an update of research on the effects of air pollutants on vegetation.

It discusses the primary data base for the two pollutants of primary concern to terrestrial ecosystems—ozone and sulfur dioxide. Air Pollution on the Copperbelt Province of Zambia: Effects of Sulphur Dioxide on Vegetation and Humans Article (PDF Available) June w Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Sulfur Dioxide Absorbed in Rain Water. Gode Gravenhorst, Sigfried Beilke, Martin Betz, Hans-Walter Georgii on "The effects of acid precipitation on vegetation and soils," held at Toronto, Canada from Maythe impact of acid precipitation on terrestrial systems has not.

Effects of Atmospheric Ammonia (NH3) on Terrestrial Vegetation: A Review Article Literature Review in Environmental Pollution (2) July with Reads How we measure 'reads'. This volume contains papers presented at a NATO Advanced Research Institute, sponsored by their Eco-Sciences Panel, on "The effects of acid precipitation on vegetation and soils," held at Toronto, Canada from MayThe organizing expenses and greater part of the expenses of the speakers.

Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: National Research Council Canada. Associate Committee on Trail Smelter Smoke.

OCLC Number: Description: xi, pages: illustrations ; 27 cm: # Plants--Effect of sulfur dioxide on\/span>\n \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n schema. Plant responses to sulfur dioxide pollution.

C R C Critical Reviews in Environmental Control9 (1), DOI: / J. Navara, I. Horváth, M. Kaleta. Contribution to the determination of limiting values of sulphur dioxide for vegetation.

the effects of air pollution on plants and animals in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States is summarized. Four air pollutants (sulfur, nitrogen, ozone, and mercury) and eight ecosystem types ranging from estuaries to alpine tundra are considered.

Effects of air pollution were identified, with varying levels of. Summary. To determine the possible changes in soil characteristics and plant growth resulting from SO 2-exposure, field grownVicia faba plants were exposed to ppm SO 2 for 4 h daily from 40 to days of their ages.

The major effects of SO 2 on soil system includes increases in contents of total sulphur, organic carbon and exchangeable Al; lowering of pH and decreases in contents of N, P. Sulfur dioxide is a colorless but otherwise pungent air pollutant that is highly toxic to both human and environmental health.

An entry published on the open chemistry database Pub Chem reveals that the harmful chemical is commonly used as a preservative and as a disinfectant for food containers and fermentation equipment.

The article also notes that sulfur dioxide contamination in the air. Sulfur Dioxide Gas Exposure Hazards & Effects. For sulfur dioxide (SO 2)the TLV had been ppm for many years, but in ACGIH announced its intention to reduce that TLV to ppm; that was done in The reason for this was recent information indicating that chronic (long term, repeated) exposure to sulfur dioxide concentrations near 5.

Effects of Sulfur Dioxide on Terrestrial Vegetation BY WILHELM KNABE Low doses of sulfur dioxide may be harmless or even beneficial since sulfur is a major plant nutrient.

An increased uptake of 52 by vegetation will, however, cause increasingly severe damage, varying from reversible to. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a common additive in wine and dried fruits because of its anti-bacterial qualities. The Chinese used sulfur almost two thousand years ago to make gunpowder.

Since that time, military uses have varied from its use as an active ingredient in gunpowder to its use during the First World War in making poison gas, also called. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is an atmospheric pollutant that is moderately persistent in the atmosphere and highly water soluble.

When applied as a pesticide, SO2 may be transported, deposited, or transformed in various chemical reactions. An overview is presented of the effects of sulfur dioxide, photochemical oxidants, and fluoride on stomatal function, photosynthesis, respiration, and metabolic processes and products.

Information is discussed concerning combinations of air pollutants, impacts on lichens, and effects of trace metals on plants. Sulfur dioxide side effects to be aware of include tightness in your chest and throat, wheezing and coughing, reports an article in the March issue of the Journal of Asthma and Allergy.

For some people, especially those with asthma, the side effects can turn into a life-threatening anaphylaxis reaction.Treats relevant laboratory and theoretical chemistry, field studies, and computer modeling methods, and includes coverage of the aqueous-phase chemistry of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide, an analysis of soot and the analytical chemistry and health effects of inorganic and organic sulfur compounds present in ambient and industrial aerosols.